MOBILITY AND TRANSPORT
European Road Safety Charter
good practice

Good practice submission

Good practice submission

What problem did you address/are you addressing? 
Ports have long been considered by the Swedish police, customs authorities and the coastguard as environments at high risk for drink driving. In 2012, more than 3 million vehicles arrived in Swedish ports from across a maritime border. Government figures suggest that the drink driving rate around ports is three times the national estimated proportion of drink drivers.In police checks before the trial in Stockholm 0.91 percent of the controlled drivers were intoxicated over 0.2 ‰ in 2013. The percentage of alcohol-impaired drivers in the overall traffic in the same year (2013) was 0.2 percent.
What are your objectives? 
The aim is to efficiently with a new technology stop all drunk drivers from the controlled port.
In two trial periods, conducted in Gothenburg and Stockholm, a checkpoint consisting of a number of files were built by the MHF. A management centre, located in MHF Test Lab was in place in order to give remote support to drivers and to alert the police,
How many people did you reach/have you reached? 
List the actions you carried/are carrying out 
Date 
Tuesday, 1 January, 2013 to Sunday, 15 November, 2015
Name of action 

In June 2010, an initial meeting with representatives for the MHF, the Swedish National Police Board, the Swedish Transport Administration, the Swedish Transport Agency, the Swedish Customs, and the Swedish Coast Guard was held. This meeting was based partly on an application that the MHF had handed in to the Swedish Transport Administration and its fund for road safety “Skyltfonden” as regards a project aiming at constructing and developing an Alco gate system that can be used as a screening instrument, and partly on a government bill concerning traffic sobriety inspections in ports (2009/10:171).
The meeting discussed the possibility to introduce alco gates (automatic sobriety checkpoints) for voluntary use at campsites etc. or as an instrument for the police and other authorities. The MHF also presented a possible design of such a passage system. An important question discussed at the meeting was the legal conditions for the use of such equipment. The discussion resulted in the police unit at the Swedish National Police Board requesting an investigation of these issues from their legal department. In their memorandum, which came in April 2011, the legal department did not identify any legal obstacles for stopping vehicles and checking the sobriety of the drivers using this equipment.
Then the MHF conducted the first project ”Alco gates – a field trial with IR-based equipment for screening tests for alcohol in ports” in Gothenburg harbour during 17 weeks 2013 with the purpose of testing automatic sobriety checkpoints and evaluating an IR‐based passage system for  automatic sobriety checkpoints. The system, which is non‐touch and used without a mouthpiece, is patented by Servotek AB, and works with the necessary speed and accuracy. A management centre, located 200 km away from Gothenburg, was in place in order to give remote support to drivers  and to alert police in the case of drunk driving.
The operating system of the automatic sobriety checkpoint can be divided into a local part and a central part. The local part runs, for instance, the positioning sensors, the alcohol measurement, the barrier, the traffic lights, the instructions, the surveillance cameras, and a data server for image management. The central part of the operating system is placed in the management centre, and runs the surveillance and manoeuvring of the facility as well as the alarm and communication systems. Among other things, it contains a communication system for communication with the drivers, different screens showing the exit, two servers for the  documentation of the measurement of alcohol, a data server for image management for the purpose of collecting evidence, and data simulation for the help messages. The automatic sobriety checkpoint is programmed to give instructions in twelve different languages.
During the year 2014 field trials was continued and moved to one of the ports of Stockholm. In this harbour a larger facility with six control files was built. The same management centre was used as in Gothenburg. For three months 12 469 drivers was checked, of which 87 (one of the 143 or 0.70%) was intoxicated over 0.2 ‰.
During the year 2015, the control operations in Stockholm have been maintained in continued operation. The total number of drivers checked during the year 2015: 38266 Link to a short film from Stockholm harbour (“Frihamnen”) about Alco Gates: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYlCf2BBqFY

How did you disseminate/are you disseminating results or how did you promote/are you promoting your initiative? 
We are currently awaiting a new decision by the Swedish government regarding the permanent use and extension of controls with Alco Gates. Publications from the field trials with Alco Gates in Sweden: 1. MHF, Alkobommar. Fältförsök med IR-baserad utrustning för sållningsprov i hamnar2. MHF, Rapport från FUD-uppdrag, projektet ”Funktionalitetskalibrering beträffande fältförsök alkobom”. TRV 2013/785913. MHF, Automatiska nykterhetskontroller i Sveriges hamnar. Resultatbilaga projekt TRV 2013/653894. MHF, Teknisk beskrivning samt konverteringsmanual för Automatisk Nykterhetskontroll. Bilaga till projekt TRV 2014/622785. ETSC, Case Study – Alco Gates in Sweden
How did you evaluate/are you evaluating the success of your action? 
The evaluation from Gothenburg 2013 shows that the project was successful and that this type of new passage system can become a valuable complement to regular sobriety tests in traffic. The field trial shows that clear information on board the ferries about the sobriety check to come in the port and efficiently performed automatic checks of all drivers lead to a significantly reduced number of drivers driving under the influence of alcohol. The evaluation also shows that the automatic sobriety checkpoint did not have a negative effect on the traffic flow for the vehicles.During the field trial in Stockholm 2014, the proportion of drunk drivers during the field trials decreased gradually and went down to zero during the last weeks. The statistics confirm a successful prevention result. A survey among the drivers shows that 98 per cent of the respondents felt that it was fairly easy or very easy to use and pass the automatic sobriety check. The survey also indicates that the drivers' acceptance for this type of controls is very high. The cooperation between traffic management centre and the authorities (mainly the police and customs) worked well and resulted in significant timesavings. The time previously used to take breath sample could now be used for other policing.The continued operations in 2015 have been successful. The proportion of intoxicated drivers has declined further to 0.43%.